War on the Mississippi : Grant's Vicksburg Campaign

War on the Mississippi : Grant's Vicksburg Campaign

Time-Life Books

Language: English

Pages: 184


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Time-Life Civil War Series 2 of 27

This volume looks at the 1862-1863 Mississippi campaign, an operation designed to take the fortress-city of Vicksburg, the lynchpin between the bulk of the Confederacy and its far eastern states. Union General Ulysses S. Grant, who had made a name for himself over the previous year, launched several attempts to bypass Vicksburg in order to link up with General Butler's forces, which were moving upriver from New Orleans. None of these worked, but they served to keep the Federal troops engaged in operations rather than inactive in winter quarters. Grant would come up with a strategy which would allow him to outmanuever the Confederates, place Vicksburg under seige and capture it, marking the beginning of the end for the CSA. Discusses the Battles of Chickasaw Bluffs, Champion's Hill, Raymond, Port Gibson, Grand Gulf and Big Black, as well as Grierson's Raid.

Richly illustrated with maps, photos of artifacts, contemporary photos and artwork. Includes sidebars on the Pearl River POW "camp," a photo essay of prewar Vicksburg, a series of antebellum paintings of the Mississippi River, A Gallery of Western Cavalrymen, Port Hudson and the Union's Homespun Hero. An excellent book!


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galloped into the thick of the fighting. "Boys," he shouted, "your field officers are all gone. I will lead you." Moments later, fell, mortally wounded by a rifle But then the tide of battle turned. Unchalwhich had stalled lenged by the Arkansas — — upriver and would be destroyed by her the Union gunboats crew the following day soon blunted the Confederate onslaught, and WiUiams' Federals succeeded in driving the Confederates back. By midmorning, the Rouge remained fighting was over.

commander would be William Rosecrans, whose now comprised two infantry divisions from his own Army of the Mississippi and two from the Army of the Tennessee, plus a small division of cavalry. Rosecrans was a complex man. He was a deeply religious Ro- force man whose profanity and the taking of God's name in vain were legendary as was his almost throughout the Army ungovernable temper. And yet as a combat leader, he was beloved by his troops. "Old Catholic, — Rosy" visited his men saw

past. enemy ered his gunwales with fire. He had slime to cov- ward ken's Bend, puffing his cigar and planning. The off best approach to Vicksburg, without boarders, and was preparing for the worst. doubt, had been the one he had begun back Sherman, "if he was ever more glad to meet a friend than he was to meet me." The attacking Confederates had chopped down trees across the route to the Sunflower, and they were just beginning to do the same behind Porter to close the trap in when

four hours. As the Federal batteries thundered away, the infantrymen girded for the assault. congregated in little "Men groups conversing in undertones," recalled C. D. Morris of the 33rd lUinois. "Letters conveying a last fare- falling backwards, and there — oh! that was The 21st Iowa of General Lawler's brigade also fighting its way toward the formida- was Redoubt. Regimental Adjutant Officers, outwardly calm, but dreading the George Crooke recalled, "It was aimlessly

Mountain. In Vicksburg, West it also that sustained the Confederacy. to The Confederates had fortified Port Hudson by mounting 19 guns along the April he would launch an effort to secure bluff and by erecting earthworks around the landward side. The residents had de- lacked the parted, to be replaced by 16,000 troops under Major General Franklin Gardner. As spring approached. Port Hudson was a source of frustration for the thaniel P. Banks, Union's Na- commander of the De-

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