The Tiananmen Papers: The Chinese Leadership's Decision to Use Force Against Their Own People - in Their Own Words
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THE TIANANMEN PAPERS, which contains documents unearthed from the guarded core of the Chinese Politburo, is the most important book on China published in decades. It reveals the highest-level processes of decision-making during the tumultuous events surrounding the terrible massacre in Tiananmen Square on 4 June 1989. Drawn from about 2,000 documents, THE TIANANMEN PAPERS have been compiled and edited as part of an extraordinary collaboration between America's most prominent China scholars and a handful of Chinese people who have risked their lives to obtain them. The Chinese pro-democracy demonstrations in 1989 were the longest lasting and most influential in the world. THE TIANANMEN PAPERS exposes the desperate conflict during the period among a few strong leaders, whose personalities emerge with unprecedented vividness. Its revelations of the most important event in modern Chinese history will have a profound impact not only in China, but in every country in the world that deals with China.
Several noteworthy books and an important documentary film have told the story of the Tiananmen events from the viewpoint of students and citizens in Beijing. 2 What we have here for the first time is the Behind Mao-and His Legacy of Terror in People's China (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992); Ruan Ming, Deng Xiaoping: Chronology of an Empire, trans. Nancy Liu, Peter Rand, and Lawrence R. Sullivan (Boulder: Westview, 1994); and Wu Guoguang, Zhao Ziyang yu zhengzhi gaige (Zhao Ziyang and
detachment of police emerged from the Great Hall and drove the crowd back onto the Square. Our analysis shows that the cause of today's disturbances was that a large crowd of nearly ten thousand onlookers blindly rushed after foreign correspondents or followed students who were leaving the Square. 3. Out-of-town students began arriving in the Square in groups. At 2:35 P.M. more than fifty students from Nankai University poured out of the Beijing Railway Station. They walked down Chang'an East
to end the boycott on May 4 and now suggested that their activities should have no fixed end date. According to Reuters, "Activists at Peking University said today that they were determined not to let their demands for freedom and democracy end in defeat because of a lack of organization, as had happened with student movements earlier in the 1980s." Reuters noted that students had established a news center aimed at countering official propaganda. The Japanese newspaper Sankei shimbun likened the
assignments, excessive inflation, and so on. The small group from the Hebei Province Military District felt that the turmoil shows that while the Center increases funding for education it must also strengthen political thought work among students. Otherwise we will have a situation of"the Communist Party bringing forth students who oppose the Communist Party." The small group from the Military District of Inner Mongolia felt that only the methods of education and guidance should be used on the
'secretaries; and the 'sons-in-law; and it makes people sick. The Party's fallen very low; if we can't get the Party in order we'll never get rid of corruption, and turmoil will always be with us." Bo Yibo: "In the days since the student movement began, foreign speculation on our politics has had another field day. I just saw an article in yesterday's Far Eastern Economic Review called 'The Future of China's Reforms.' It described ten scenarios for China a decade from now, and nine of them were