The Extended Phenotype: The Long Reach of the Gene (Popular Science)

The Extended Phenotype: The Long Reach of the Gene (Popular Science)

Richard Dawkins

Language: English

Pages: 319

ISBN: 0198788916

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

By the best selling author of The Selfish Gene 'This entertaining and thought-provoking book is an excellent illustration of why the study of evolution is in such an exciting ferment these days.' Science 'The Extended Phenotype is a sequel to The Selfish Gene ...he writes so clearly it could be understood by anyone prepared to make the effort' John Maynard Smith, London Review of Books 'Dawkins is quite incapable of being boring this characteristically brilliant and stimulating book is original and provocative throughout, and immensely enjoyable.' G. A. Parker, Heredity 'The extended phenotype is certainly a big idea and it is pressed hard in dramatic language.' Sydney Brenner, Nature 'Richard Dawkins, our most radical Darwinian thinker, is also our best science writer.' Douglas Adams 'Dawkins is a superb communicator. His books are some of the best books ever written on science.' Megan Tressider, Guardian 'Dawkins is a genius of science popularization.' Mark Ridley, The Times

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the part of the acanthocephalan parasite. If this has come about through natural selection, there must have been genetic variation ‘for’ shrimp behaviour in the worm gene-pool, otherwise there would have been nothing for natural selection to work on. We may, therefore, talk of worm genes having phenotypic expression in shrimp bodies, in just the same sense as we are accustomed to talking of human genes having phenotypic expression in human bodies. The case of the fluke (‘brainworm’) Dicrocoelium

Lamarck. Times Literary Supplement No. 4047, 1195. Maynard Smith, J. (1981). Macroevolution. Nature 289, 13–14. Maynard Smith, J. (1982) The evolution of social behaviour–a classification of models. In Current Problems in Sociobiology (ed. King’s College Sociobiology Group), pp. 29–44. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Maynard Smith, J. & Parker, G. A. (1976). The logic of asymmetric contests. Animal Behaviour 24, 159–175. Maynard Smith, J. & Price, G. R. (1973). The logic of animal

will not do, because what is beneficial to one entity in the hierarchy of life is harmful to another, and creationism gives us no grounds for supposing that one entity’s welfare will be preferred to another’s. In passing, the fundamentalist student might pause to wonder at a God who goes to great trouble to provide predators with beautiful adaptations to catch prey, while with the other hand giving prey beautiful adaptations to thwart them. Perhaps He enjoys the spectator sport. Returning to the

reliably submit to the Mendelian lottery, even though this means markedly lowered fitness for half her children … The really fundamental questions in evolution may be answerable only by regarding each gene as ultimately in conflict with every other gene, even those at other loci in the same cell. A really valid theory of natural selection must be based ultimately on selfish replicators, genes and all other entities capable of the biased accumulation of different variant forms. Amen!

Selfish Gene …) in proposing sex-linked genes for “philandering”, for Wilson human males have a genetic tendency towards polygyny, females towards constancy (don’t blame your mates for sleeping around, ladies, it’s not their fault they are genetically programmed). Genetic determinism constantly creeps in at the back door’ (Rose 1978). The reviewer’s clear implication is that the authors he is criticizing believe in the existence of genes that force human males to be irremediable philanderers who

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