The Death in the Trenches: Grant at Petersburg
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Time-Life Civil War Series 22 of 27
Another great book in this series, with period photographs, pictures of Civil War artifacts, maps and artwork. Sidebars include a look at the 1st Maine Artillery (a unit which was frightfully cut down during its baptism of fire), artistic renderings of Petersburg, the Union's giant depot at City Point, black troops in combat and Anatomy of a Trench System.
Smith's at- tack to his right. Then, in a replay of the June 9 fiasco, Kautz gave up and withdrew. Smith, meanwhile, had been conducting what Butler would later scorn as "inter- minable reconnaissances." Butler was no professional soldier, but here, at least, he hit whose corps had been decimated in the disastrous Cold Harbor assaults of June 3, knew what it meant to attack well-manned fortifications across open ground. That knowledge undoubtedly made the mark. Smith, him cautious as
to Culpeper, where they X Corps, along with Hancock's artillery and would be in position return to was to move to the Valley or Richmond, wherever the danger Lee knew his opponent by now; greater. moment he did not doubt for a that trouble was coming, and soon. It came on August 14, largely because of Grant's mistaken assessment of what Lee rest of M. Gregg's cavalry division, across the bridge from Bermuda Brigadier General David Hundred on the night of August 13.
jumble of trees felled on the path. As the men struggled to pass through this — barrier, the line of assault disintegrated into Federals believed these fortifications to be incomplete and lightly manned. If Parke could surprise the enemy and break through scattered groups, losing coordination and coming under heavy fire from the enemy. "There was no staying in line, and could be the line, he was to continue his drive north none," Private Joseph B. Polley wrote Parke on the "It was each
— Grant was at last the Army of the Potomac and the Northern Virginia huddled and tried to selves Army of in their trenches keep warm. To shelter them- from the snow and rain, the soldiers made from logs and mud, which they kept heated with fire- built sprawling cities of huts places fashioned from sticks and more mud. Despite the rudeness of their shelter, the Federals were well fed and well clothed. The Confederates, however, were on the verge of be hurried to the
men the oppressive heat, without 25 An Opportunity Bungled and rations, and with Hamp- sufficient water horsemen following and looking ton's for a "They cannot take that field can take my battery! No rebels on my battery!" He stood chance to pounce. Private James R. Bo wen firm as the Federal cavalry withdrew past his of the 1st Maine Cavalry later wrote of the "intense heat and terrible dust, at times so position, firing until he we were dense that nearly suffocated. It is a