The Civil War: A Visual History
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Produced with the Smithsonian Institution and released in conjunction with the 150th anniversary of the start of the war, The Civil War is the definitive visual history to one of the most defining moments in our country's history.
Comprehensive timelines, revealing first-person accounts by soldiers and civilians, key political and military leaders, as well as examinations of broader topics, such as transportation, the economy, and the treatment of wounded soldiers, make The Civil War a must-have for anyone interested in the history of the Civil War.
Ambulance Corps was the first medical organization on either side specifically established to ensure that wounded men were evacuated from the battlefield as soon as possible. EYEWITNESS July 2, 1863 Little Round Top On the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg, the Union defense extended from Culp’s Hill, around Cemetery Hill, and along Cemetery Ridge. The stone-strewn hillside of Little Round Top served as the Union’s left flank and the 20th Maine was its last line of defense. After
❮❮ 96–97 opened the Mississippi to Union warships coming up from the south. Union river forces also gained the upper hand in actions on the Ohio and attacked south from Missouri on the Mississippi itself. After defeating Southern vessels near Memphis in June 1862, they reached the Yazoo River above Vicksburg and were joined there by some of Farragut’s force from New Orleans ❮❮ 100–101. GRANT’S FIRST VICTORIES In the spring of 1862, General Grant fought the successful Henry and Donelson campaign
this raw material could and would become the bedrock of powerful and effective forces. AF TER Romantic enthusiasm for war placed pressure on Northern leaders to seek a swift military decision. But their haste led to a Northern defeat. VICTORIOUS SOUTH This rush to battle helped lead to Union defeat at First Bull Run (First Manassas) 60–61 ❯❯, a battle and campaign waged in part against the better judgment of General-in-Chief Winﬁeld Scott. This ﬁrst major battle of the war showed both the
network in the Confederate capital, Richmond. One of her most useful contacts was Mary Bowser, a freed slave, who worked as a servant for Jefferson Davis’s wife. Both the Union and Confederacy organized Confederate cipher reel This cipher machine captured in Richmond was used by Confederates to encode messages. It used a matrix of 26 alphabets, shifted one letter for each row, from which a substitute letter was chosen for each letter of the message. The cipher was easily cracked by Union
of such dogs only through their heads and a big stick.” Campaign in Mississippi Consigned to the backwater of the Gulf Coast for the ﬁrst year of the Civil War, Bragg leaped at the chance to take his army to join the forces in the front line at Corinth, Mississippi, in spring 1862. His performance at Shiloh in April was impressive for the determination with which he pressed home his corps’ attack on the Union defenses. But he lacked subtlety or tactical ﬂair, and soldiers’ lives were thrown away