The Brain And Love (Brain Works)
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This intriguing book explores love in all its forms and from many perspectives. The biological underpinnings of feelings are explored, including the interaction of brain, nervous system, hormones, and body chemistry. Love is considered as an evolutionary phenomenon with origins in animal behavior. According to Shakespeare, "The course of true love never did run smooth," and the Brain and Love indeed looks at love as a give-and-take process involving costs and benefits. The author describes attempts to classify, categorize, and measures the various components of love (as distinguished from passion).
wide individual differences. Maternal warmth seems to enhance empathy. Also, children are more empathetic when their mothers provide them with clear messages about the consequences of hurting others. As you will learn in Chapter 5, people are more empathic with and attracted to persons whom they view as similar to themselves. People tend to empathize more with others from similar economic and social backgrounds. 57 58 The Brain and Love Empathy continues to develop throughout one’s life and
hypothesis about facial expressions has received research support. If expressions are, indeed, genetic, they should be the same from culture to culture. Two research psychologists, Paul Ekman and Wallace Friesen, put Darwin’s hypothesis to the test. They gathered university students of different backgrounds in five different countries, and showed them facial photographs of people exhibiting six basic emotions. In each country, the students were asked to judge what emotion was being expressed. The
earliest explanation was offered in 1890 by a pioneer in psychology, William James, a psychologist at Harvard University. James believed that our feelings are a response to our external behavior. You walk into the woods and encounter a bear. Your immediate reaction is to run in the opposite direction as fast as you can. The sensation of running leads to the feeling of fear. James’s idea goes against the popular view that we run from the bear because we are afraid, not that we become afraid
continued physical or emotional damage. Such children may require a long relearning process before they have the emotional resources to engage in trusting relationships. LOVE AT FIRST SIGHT We have learned that love involves more than physiological urges. It involves more than physical attraction. It requires time and effort and learning to know and trust. That type of love does not occur in one moment. What does sometimes occur rapidly is passion. All the qualities that make someone attractive
physical appearance, charm, and wit. The second stage, anticipation, is based upon imagination. The individual imagines all the wonderful pleasures that may come from an association with the object of attraction. This is followed by hope that love will be returned. During these stages, the person may reevaluate original perceptions and may find new qualities to admire. JEALOUSY Some writers have described “addictive love” as intense love relationships in which the lover becomes obsessed with his