Stalin As Revolutionary, 1879-1929: A Study in History and Personality (Vol. 1)

Stalin As Revolutionary, 1879-1929: A Study in History and Personality (Vol. 1)

Robert C. Tucker

Language: English

Pages: 544

ISBN: 0393007383

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

“Tucker has achieved a real break-through . . . his analysis throws a flood of light into previously obscure corners. . . . Tucker with his analysis of Stalin’s personality structure has opened up an enormously promising vein of research,” ―Robert M. Slusser, American Historical Review

“This towering figure of the twentieth century has hitherto lacked a successful and full-scale biography. The publication of this first volume of a projected trilogy by Robert Tucker marks the beginning of the end of this situation.” ―Robert H. McNeal, Russian Review

Reinventing Politics: Eastern Europe from Stalin to Havel












Spark ) -a new foreign­ based party organ that he himself had done much to organize. Ex1. Nadezhda K. Krupskaya, Memories of Lenin (New York, 1 9 30) , p. 1 . 2. For Krupskaya's life see Robert H . McNeal, Bride of tlze Revolution: Krupskaya and Lenin (Ann Arbor, 1972 ) , and her own Memories of Lenin. Their marriage was childless. LE NIN AS R EVOLUTIONARY H ERO 19 cept for his return to Russia during the insurrectionary turmoil of I 905-7, he remained in emigration until I 9 1 7 , living

"flashing," "all-seeing," "unusual," and "emitting little blue sparks in the corneEs." 28 He was, it is universally agreed, totally unpretentious in manner, a person of utmost directness and sincerity. It was on the speaker's platform that Lenin showed the special powers by virtue of which his followers set him apart from ordinary men. These were not gifts of brilliant oratory such as those for which Trotsky became famous. Lenin's speaking style was com­ pletely free of histrionics and

the light of all this that Lenin's stat­ ure in Bolshevik eyes grew to gigantic proportions. He came to ap­ pear the very personification of the miracle of their survival in power, and of the further promise of the Communist revolution at home and abroad. Not only by close associates but by great num­ bers of party members he was not simply admired but quite literally idolized. The strongest evidence of this is the testimony of those who observed party audiences on occasions when he spoke in

he completed deal respectively with dialectics, materialism, and the theory of socialism, along with the anarchist criticisms of Marxism on all three counts. To expound Marxism, he explained at �he start of the first section, one must first of all expound dialectical materialism, for "Marxism is not only a theory of socialism; it is an entire world-view, a philosophical sys­ tem from which Marx's proletarian socialism flows logically." 4 Then he set forth the principles of the dialectic and of

Tammerfors conference in I 905 , where he was to see Lenin for the first time, "I was hoping to see the mountain eagle of our party, a great man, great not only politically but, if you like, physically too, for Lenin had taken shape in my imagination as a giant, stately and imposing. What then was my disappointment when I saw the most ordinary man, below average height, in no way, literally in no way, different from ordinary mortals." He was disappointed, too, to find that Lenin, instead of

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