Sherman's March to the Sea 1864: Atlanta to Savannah (Campaign, Volume 179)

Sherman's March to the Sea 1864: Atlanta to Savannah (Campaign, Volume 179)

David Smith

Language: English

Pages: 100

ISBN: 1846030358

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


The March to the Sea was the culmination of Union General William T. Sherman's 1864 campaign during the American Civil War (1861-1865) and was a devastating example of "total war." Confederate hopes in 1864 hinged on frustrating Union forces in the field and forcing Abraham Lincoln out of office in the November elections. However, this optimism was dampened by Sherman's success in the battle of Atlanta that same year.

Riding on the wave of this victory, Sherman hoped to push his forces into Confederate territory, but his plan was hindered by a Confederate threat to the army's supply lines.
After much delay, he boldly chose to abandon these, forcing the army to live off the land for the entirety of the 285-mile march to Savannah, destroying all war-making capabilities of the enemy en route, and inflicting suffering not only on Confederate troops, but also on the civilian population. Despite the vilification that this brutal tactic earned him, the march was a success.

Supported by contemporary photographs, detailed maps, bird's eye views, and battlescene artwork, this title explores the key personalities, strategies, and significant engagements of the march, including the battles of Franklin and Nashville, and the ultimate fall of Savannah to the Union, to provide a detailed analysis of the campaign that marked the "beginning of the end" of the American Civil War.

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attained. Confederate Brigadier General Henry C. "Harry" Wayne, with a force of just 650, wisely withdrew from the town. Various state officials and Governor Brown had already fled, and Sherman made his headquarters at the governor's mansion. THE BATTLE OF GRISWOLDVILLE While his plantation burned, Cobb was at Macon helping to organize the Confederate resistance. The militia had been ordered to Augusta and the 1st Brigade was already en route on the morning of November 22 when the 2nd, 3rd, and

the march might indeed become a nightmare for the Union general. Events took an unexpected turn when, on September 21, Hood moved his army westward, to Palmetto, "thus," as Sherman saw it himself, "stepping aside and opening wide the door for us to enter Central Georgia." Sherman correctly assumed that Hood's intention was to attack the Union supply line - the railroad leading to Atlanta. It was an imaginative move from Hood, putting his army on the offensive after 9 II D THE BATTLE OF

the march might indeed become a nightmare for the Union general. Events took an unexpected turn when, on September 21, Hood moved his army westward, to Palmetto, "thus," as Sherman saw it himself, "stepping aside and opening wide the door for us to enter Central Georgia." Sherman correctly assumed that Hood's intention was to attack the Union supply line - the railroad leading to Atlanta. It was an imaginative move from Hood, putting his army on the offensive after 9 II D THE BATTLE OF

slower and surer process of starvation, I shall then feel justified in resorting to the harshest measures, and shall make little effort to restrain my army - burning to avenge the national wrong which they attach to Savannah and other large cities which have been so prominent in dragging our country into civil war. Sherman's threats do not reflect much credit on him, and Hardee's dignified refusal to surrender should have caused him some chagrin. The fact was, however, that plans were already

SEA: PART 2 70 The Battle of Waynesborough • Fort McAllister • The fate of Savannah ORDERS OF BATTLE 87 THE MARCH TO THE SEA, NOVEMBER 15-DECEMBER 21,1864 Union forces • Confederate forces AFTERMATH 90 THE BATTLEFIELD TODAY 93 Georgia • Tennessee BIBLIOGRAPHY 94 INDEX 95 !r--------- I - r -m 20k N \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ « ~ « co « --J « 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. GEORGIA \ \ \ \ \ \ , \ \ \ \ \ \ Following the fall of Atlanta on September 1, Hood

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