Petersburg 1864-65: The longest siege (Campaign)
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In 1864, Petersburg, Virginia became the setting for one of the last great campaigns of the American Civil War (1861-1865) and the longest siege in American History. After his failure to capture Richmond in the Spring, General Ulysses S. Grant decided to strangle the life out of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia by surrounding the city of Petersburg and cutting off General Robert E. Lee's supply lines.
The ensuing siege would carry on for nearly ten months, involve 160,000 soldiers, and see a number of pitched battles including the Battle of the Crater, Reams Station, Hatcher's Run, and White Oak Road. But around these battles were long days of living in trenches, enduring poor diet and winter weather, and suffering constant artillery bombardment. In April of 1865, Grant ordered a sweeping offensive against the beleaguered Confederates, which broke Lee's right flank and forced him to retreat to Appomattox Court House, where he surrendered a week later.
Written by an expert on the American Civil War, this book examines the last clash between the armies of U.S. Grant and Robert E. Lee.
June 28, 1864: fording the Nottoway River at Wyatt's Mill, their path is blocked by elements of Wade Hampton's cavalry at Stony Creek, and they turn back to re-group. June 29, 1864: with Kautz at its head, the Union column advances north along the Stage Road parallel with the Weldon Railroad until confronted by a brigade of Confederate infantry near Reams' Station. Kautz throws up breastworks and is joined by Wilson, whose line breaks and ploughs into those of Kautz. Whilst much of Wilson's
Fort Powhatan, seven miles upriver, and City Point a further 12 miles closer to the Confederate capital, his forces advanced into Bermuda Hundred, but were prevented from progressing further by strong Confederate fortifications. Constructing his own defenses, Butler launched an unsuccessful attempt to capture Drewry's Bluff on May 12, the failure of "hich he blamed on Major General Quincy Adams Gillmore. Meanwhile, in an attempt to draw the Confederates out of the Wilderness, Grant headed
Sergeant Thomas F. Richardson, Company K, of the same regiment. A third flag was seized by a member of the 61st Virginia. According to Captain James Miller of the 105th Pennsylvania, "the enemy charged our line and were gallantly repulsed along our entire front. They then moved around our right flank, which was unprotected, formed line of battle in the field in our rear, and poured a destructive fire on our line, killing the two senior officers of the regiment (Capts. John C. Conser and C. E.
Virginia Battery L. 5th US Kershaw's Division Major General Joseph P. Kershaw Sanders' Brigade Brigadier General John Sanders 16th Georgia 18th Georgia 24th Georgia 3rd Georgia Battalion Sharpshooters Cobb's (Georgia) Legion Phillip's (Georgia) Legion c.c. Horse Artillery Batteries Band l, 2nd US Batteries C, F, and K, 3rd US ARMY OF NORTHERN VIRGINIA Approximately 54,750 men Commander: General Robert E.lee, General-inChief of Confederate Forces FIRST ARMY CORPS lieutenant General James ·Old
Michigan Cavalry on May 25,1862. After only eight days he was given command of the 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Mississippi, and was promoted to brigadier general one month later based on a hard-fought victory at Booneville, Mississippi. He was next given command of the 11th Division, Army of the Ohio, and distinguished himself at Perryville, Kentucky, on October 8, 1862, when he launched a successful counterattack after holding a well-organized position. At Stones LEFT Gouverneur