Mikhail Bakunin: The Philosophical Basis of His Anarchism
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The first English-language philosophical study of Mikhail Bakunin, this book examines the philosophical foundations of Bakunin?
opposition (not only to all forms of alien religion but also) to all forms of government, and in his (philosophical) espousal of revolutionary change (as the reappropriation of the human from alien political as well as religious forms). We witness, that is to say, the genesis of his philosophical anarchism. The extent to which the atheistic aspect of the Left Hegelian analysis of religion (somewhat understated but implied in Bakunin’s account here) is Hegelian is well documented and will be
all sense of objectivity and thereby needing to determine everything on the side of the abstract, alienated subject. Kant does this implicitly, Fichte does so explicitly; Fichte is therefore the most explicit subjectivist or anthropocentric philosopher. The call for a reconciliation with actuality in its objectivity, which has been alienated by the Kantian tradition (either put aside as inaccessible or abstractly swallowed-up by the subject), is a call for the reinstatement by the subject < 65 >
even though acting in the name of the people, and calling itself the people. No authority, no government, not even popular, that is the Revolution”.111 Pyziur explains: “Proudhon, more than any other, was responsible for transforming Bakunin’s instinctive [or general philosophical] revolt against authority into a conscious anarchist creed”.112 The Proudhonian system also consists in the destruction or negation of the religious. Bakunin’s critique of the religious — though, as we will show, shaped
and Anarchy, p. 131. The Trumpet, pp. 68, 62-63, 96-97, 128. Emphasis added. Ibid., p. 66. Ibid., p. 97. Emphasis added. Hegel’s Philosophy of Right and the Politics of our Times, trans. James A. Massey, The Young Hegelians: An Anthology, ed. Lawrence Stepelevich (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), p. 211. The Trumpet, pp. 125-27. Emphasis added. Mikhail Bakunin, p. 92. For Bakunin’s later statements on Lamennais, see the fragment of La Théologie politique de Mazzini: Deuxième partie
components: a negative dialectic or revolutionary logic; and a naturalist ontology, a naturalistic account of the structure of being or reality. These two components are analyzed in the two main sections of this essay — but a preliminary question is begged, relating to the very significance of Bakunin as a philosophical thinker, the very significance of this apparent philosophical “non-entity” (Karl Marx’s judgment, seemingly confirmed by Bakunin’s absence from the philosophical canon). The