Chancellorsville 1863: Jackson's Lightning Strike (Campaign)
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Osprey's examination of the Battle of Chancellorsville (1863) of the American Civil War (1861-1865). Following the debacle of the battle of Fredricksburg in December 1862, Burnside was replaced as commander of the Army of the Potomac by General Joseph Hooker. Having reorganised the army and improved morale, he planned an attack that would take his army to Richmond and end the war. Although faced by an army twice his size, the Confederate commander Robert E. Lee split his forces: Jubal Early was left to hold off Sedgwick's Fredericksburg attack, and 'Stonewall' Jackson was sent with 26,000 men in a wide envelopment around Hooker's right flank. This title details how at dusk on May 2, Jackson's men crashed into the Federal right flank, and how stiffening Federal resistance slowed the Confederate advance the next day.
of movement and partly because they conserved material by having shorter skirts. In the middle of the war many Southern supply depots began providing shell jackets with between seven and nine buttons. Although brogan shoes were supposed to be standard issue, in the summer many men went shoeless, since shoes were in short supply. Units' specifics varied according to state and whether they were regular Confederate troops as opposed to state troops or militia. In general, although kepis were worn,
(110) (4/4.5) M/1st Connecticut Heavy Arty - Capt, Franklin A. Pratt (110) (4/4.5) 5th Btty New York Light Arty - Capt. Elijah D. Taft(146) (6/20P) 15th Btty New York Light Arty - Capt. Patrick Hart (70) (4/12N) 29th Btty New York Light Arty - 1 st Lt. Gustav von Blucher (90) (4/20P) 30th Btty New York Light Arty - Capt. Adolph Voegelee(124)(6/20P) 32nd Btty New York Light Arty - 1 st Lt. George Gaston (122) (6/3R) K/1st US Arty - 1 st Lt. Lorenzo Thomas Jr. (114) (6/3R) C/3rd US Arty - 1st Lt.
Brig.Gen. John Stoneman (10,626) Staff: 25 1ST DIVISION Brig.Gen. Alfred Pleasonton (3,437) Staff: 11 1ST BRIGADE Col. Benjamin F. Davis (1.970) Staff: 4 8th llliniois - Maj. John L. Beveridge (472) 3rd Indiana - Col. George Henry Chapman (337) 8th New York - 1 st Lt. Hermann Foerster (585) 9th New York - Col. Rush C. Hawkins (367) 3rd West Virginia - Capt. James Utt (205) 32 2ND BRIGADE Col. Thomas C. Devin* (1,347) Staff: 5 L/1st Michigan - 1st Lt. John C. Truax (75 ) 6th New York - Lt.Col.
Lincoln. Controversy over just who is responsible for the debacle includes everyone from the president down to division commanders. 29 December - At Chickasaw Bayou, near Vicksburg, Sherman takes heavy losses, and his action is compared to the Fredericksburg defeat. ABOVE Although nearly a third of Lee's men went south and east with Longstreet, the majority of his army was encamped in winter quarters at Fredericksburg. The countryside around Fredericksburg had been fought over and foraging was
action to turn Lee's left and put Union cavalry between Lee and Richmond. 15 April - Lincoln tells Hooker he is concerned about Stoneman's slow progress on the Rappahannock. 27 April - Hooker moves troops up the Rappahannock near the fords over the river, beginning his advance on Lee's position at Fredericksburg and initiating the Campaign for Chancellorsville. 28 April - The Army of the Potomac begins crossing the Rappahannock in an area called the Wilderness. Seeing the beginnings of a flanking